Bionics Lab › Education > Classes > MAE 162 D/E - Capston Design




Jacob Rosen
Office: Engineering IV Building, Room 37-146
Voice Office: 831.459.5302
Anonymous Email (For the Subject Line use: MAE 162)
Office Hours: Wed 2:00-3:00


Peter Ferguson
TA Room: TBD
Office Hrs: Th. 4:00-6:00
Phone: TBD

MAE 162

Capston Design

Course Summary (162D - Winter):
First of two mechanical engineering capstone design courses. Lectures on engineering project management, design of thermal systems, mechatronics, mechanical systems, and mechanical components. Students work in teams to begin their two-term design project. Laboratory modules include CAD design, CAD analysis, mechatronics, and conceptual design for team project. .

Enforced Requisites: courses 94, 156A (or 183A or M183B), 162A (or 171A). Limited to seniors.

Course Summary (162E - Spring):
Second of two mechanical engineering capstone design courses. Student groups continue design projects started in course 162D, making use of CAD design laboratory, CAD analysis laboratory, and mechatronics laboratory. Design theory, design tools, economics, marketing, manufacturability, quality, intellectual property, design for manufacture and assembly, design for safety and reliability, and engineering ethics. Students conduct hands-on design, fabrication, and testing. Culminating project demonstrations or competition. Preparation of design project presentations in both oral and written formats.

Enforced Requisites: course 162D. Limited to seniors.

Units: 4
Lecture: two hours;
Laboratory: four hours;
Outside study: six hours.

Assignments & Grading:

HW Assignments & Final Project

Textbook: None (See list of books below)


162E - Spring

30% - Design – Assembly and machine-shop drawings (Functional i.e. electromechanical)
5% - Design – Esthetics
5% - Design - Safety
5% - Design – BOM
5% - Design Budget
15% - Analysis 1
15% - Analysis 2
10% - Project Management (GANTT Chart, Attendance, Participation)
10% - Presentation (Oral and Video)

Final Submission – MAE 162E

1. Final Report
2. Comprehensive Video Presentation (Published on YouTube)–40–60 min
3. Elevator Pitch Video Presentation (Published on YouTube)– 3-5 min


Final Report Outline (*)
Cover Page (Title, Authors, Class No/Title , Date)
Executive summary

1. Introduction and Overview;

Problem statement / definition, including relevant prior work or research;

Preliminary Analysis
Objective Tree Analysis (winter quarter)
- Function Analysis – Transparent Box Model  (winter quarter)
- Performance Specification Analysis (winter quarter)
- Quality Function Deployment - QFD (winter quarter)
- Morphological Chart (winter quarter)
- Weighted Objective Method (winter quarter)

4. Design Specifications

5. System Design 
Overview of the system   
- Description of each sub system (mechanical, electrical, hydraulic)

6. Analysis (describe the one you have done)
Motion Analysis
- Finite Element Analysis
- Dynamics
- Control
- Functional

7. Design Outcome versus Requirements – Comparison  

8. Conclusion / Discussion

Appendix 1 – Technical Drawings
Assembly and Subassembly drawings – Every part should be labeled by a number and a name.  
- Part drawings  - Every part should have an individual drawings excluding catalog parts

Appendix 2 – Bills of Materials including designed parts and purchased parts

Appendix 3 – Slides of the two presentations (Comprehensive / Elevator Pitch -  Video Presentation)  

Appendix 4 - GANTT Chart

Appendix 5 - Collaboration Task Matrix

Appendix 6 - Peer Review Assessment

(*) Note - The title of each section should include in parentheses the name of the students who was involved in writing this section. Each student should be listed as an author of the work that they have done. Generic parts such as the abstract or executive summery can be written by one or more students. Their name should be listed as well including an asterisk.   

Comprehensive Video Presentation - Outline

10 min - Overview of the Project (Team leader or designated team members)
- Problem definition
- Aims and objectives
- Preliminary Analysis Methods (Select the most relevant)
- Assembly presentation and sub systems definition
- Presenting the group members and their roles  

5-7 min  - Overview of each sub system and analysis (10 min for each team members)

5 min – Concluding Summary

Elevator Pitch Video Presentation – Outline

Use the same outline but convince your audience including investor / customer to invest / purchase your product 



High Levels Topics
Design Process
Explicit Problem Definition
Requirements Definition
Design & Development
Systematic Innovation
Demonstration Evaluation Reporting & Communication
Ethics & Design Sciences (PF)
Business Plan (Guest Lecture)
Intellectual Properties (Guest Lecture)
Errors in Engineering
Biologically inspired Design
User Centered Design
Optimization Cost Inclusive Design
Design By Evolution
Design of Experiments

Low Levels Topics (Technical Topics)
Solidworks (PF)
Solid Mechanics – Design (JR)
Finite Elements (PF)
Data Acquisition and Signal Processing (PF)
Adriano / LabVIEW / Matlab Real-time workshop (PF)
Sensors / Actuators (JR)
Servo Motor Selection (JR)
Practical Servo Control Design (JR)
Circuits I - H Bridge (PF)
Circuits II - Analog Filters (PF)
Circuits III - Op-Amp) (PF)
Eagle - PCB Design (PF)
Soldering & Bread boarding (PF)
Computer Vision (Sahba Changyeob)


Class Notes

High Level Topic 00: Notes: Class Intro
High Level Topic 01: Notes: Design - Process (Truma Pod)
High Level Topic 02: Notes: Design - Reviews
High Level Topic 03: Notes: Values & Principles of Good Design
High Level Topic 04: Notes: Design - Problem Defenition
High Level Topic 05: Notes: Design - Requirements Defenition

Assigments & Labs

Winter Quarter (162D)

Week Homework Due Date

Home Assigments 0 (PDF ; Doc)- Questionnaire


Lab Assigment 01 - Solidworks Assembly
Home Assigments 01 - Solidworks Assembly


Lab Assigment 02 - Solidworks Simulation
Home Assigments 02 - Solidworks Simulation


Home Assigments 03 - Design - Problem Defenition


Home Assigments 04 - Design - Req. Defenition
House of Quality (Excel Template - Large / Small)

W6 - M,W

Lab Assigment 05
Home Assigments 05 -


Lab Assigment 06
Home Assigments 06 -


Lab Assigment 07
Home Assigments 07 -

W9 Lab Assigment 08
Home Assigments 08 -


Lab Assigment 09
Home Assigments 09 -




(*) House of Quality (Excel Template - Large / Small)
(*) GANTT Chart (Excel Template Office 364 , Vortex 42) - Add Milestones

Topics of the GANTT Chart 

1. Hardware - Mechanical System

1.1 Structure
1.1.1 Specification
1.1.2 Design
1.1.3 Finite Element Analysis
1.1.4 Sub System Fabrication
1.1.5 Subsystem integration
1.1.6 Sub System Functionality demonstration
1.2 Mechanisms   
1.2.1 Specification
1.2.2 Design
1.2.3 Kinematics / Dynamics Analysis
1.2.4 Sub System Fabrication
1.1.5 Subsystem integration
1.1.6 Sub System Functionality demonstration     

2. Hardware - Electrical System
2.1 Specification
2.1.1 Sensor Specification
2.1.2 CPU specification
2.1.3 Connector Specification
2.1.4 Cables specification
2.1.5 Wiring diagram (block diagram)
2.1.6 Power supply

2.2 Design
2.2.1 Amplifiers
2.2.2 Signal Conditioning (analog filters)
2.2.3 Servo controller/amplifier    
2.2.4 PCB design
2.2.5 Enclosure for Electronics  
2.2.6 Subsystem Fabrication
2.2.7 Subsystem integration
2.2.9 Sub System Functionality demonstration
3. Software
3.1 Low level control (servo)
3.1.1 System ID
3.1.2 Controller design (PID)
3.1.3 Close loop servo control implementation
3.1.4 Subsystem Functionality demonstration     

3.2 High level control
3.2.1 Design - Modes of operation
3.2.2 Design - Emergency Stop (E-Stop)
3.2.3 Data managment
3.2.4 Comunication Protocols
3.2.5 Implementation
3.2.6 Subsystem integration
3.2.7 Subsystem Functionality demonstration     

4. User Interface
4.1 Design - User interface (graphical – Software)
4.2 Design - User interface (hardware)
4.3 Design - Modes of operation
4.4 Failure Modes

5. System
5.1 System Integration
5.2 System testing
5.3 System demonstration
5.3.1 Mode of operations
5.3.2 Failure modes demo 
5.4 Project Documentation (final report / Video)

(*) Completed Design (Critical Design Review – CDR)
(*) Full Functionality of ALL subsystems
(*) Full functionality of the entire System – Demo (all modes of operation including failure modes)  



Resources & Books

(#) Core Class
(*) eBooks available from the libraray to UCLA students
(+U) Hard copy books at the UCLA Library
(+) Hard copy books

Topic Based Resources

Human Factors



(*) Hydraulics and Pneumatics - Andrew Parr

(*) Hydraulic Control Systems

Military Handbooks

Air Force Human Systems Integration Handbook


MIL-STD-1472F Human Engineering


MIL-HDBK-759C Human Engineering Design Guidelines

NISTIR 7889 Human Engineering Design Criteria Standards Part 1: Project Introduction and Existing Standards DHS S&T TSD Standards Project

MIL-HDBK-46855A Human Engineering Program Process and Procedures

DOE-HDBK-1140-2001, Human Factors/Ergonomics Handbook for the Design for Ease of Maintenance (Parts 1,2,3)


(*) Mechanical design of electric motors - Wei Tong

SimScape (Matlab)

Modeling and Simulation of Mechatronic Systems using Simscape Synthesis Lectures on Mechanical Engineering, Shuvra Das, 2020

Tolerance Fit

Video - Fits and Tolerances: How to Design Stuff that Fits Together


(*) Geometrical Dimensioning and Tolerancing for Design, Manufacturing and Inspection - A Handbook for Geometrical Product Specification Using ISO and ASME Standards (2nd Edition), Henzold, Georg. (2006). Elsevier.


Design for Welding

Vibration & Control

Damping Properties

Technical Design Books

(*#) An Introduction to Design Science
Johannesson, Paul, Perjons, Erik

(*#) The Engineering Capstone Course
Fundamentals for Students and Instructors
Hoffman, Harvey F.

(+#) Engineering Design Methods - Strategies for Product Design
Nigel Cross

(+#) Engineering Design: A Project-Based Introduction
Dym, Clive L.

(*) Inclusive Design
Design for the Whole Population
Clarkson, P.J., Coleman, R., Keates, S., Lebbon, C.

(*) Managing Engineering Design
Hales, Crispin, Gooch, Shayne

(*) Make and Test Projects in Engineering Design
Creativity, Engagement and Learning
Samuel, Andrew E.

(*) Design by Evolution
Advances in Evolutionary Design
Hingston, Philip F., Barone, Luigi C., Michalewicz, Zbigniew

(*) Disruption by Design
How to Create Products that Disrupt and then Dominate Markets
Paul Paetz

(*) Conceptual Design for Engineers
Michael Joseph

(*) Conceptual Design
Interpretations, Mindset and Models
Myrup Andreasen, Mogens, Thorp Hansen, Claus, Cash, Philip

(*) The Design and Engineering of Curiosity
How the Mars Rover Performs Its Job
Lakdawalla, Emily

(*) Design Principles and Methodologies
From Conceptualization to First Prototyping with
Examples and Case Studies
Freddi, Alessandro, Salmon, Mario

(*) The Design Imperative
The Art and Science of Design Management
Chen, Steven

General Design Books

(+U) Design in Nature
Adrian Bejan, J Peder Zane

(+U) Don't Make Me Think, Revisited:
A Common Sense Approach to Web Usability
(Voices That Matter)
Krug, Steve

(+U) 100 Things Every Designer Needs to Know About People
(Voices That Matter)
Weinschenk, Susan

(*U) Build Better Products:
A Modern Approach to Building Successful User-Centered Products
Laura Klein

(+U) Design for How People Learn
(Voices That Matter)
Dirksen, Julie

(+U) Living with Complexity
Norman, Donald A.

(+U) Teaching Design: A Guide to Curriculum and Pedagogy for College Design Faculty and Teachers Who Use Design in Their Classrooms
Davis, Meredith

(+U) The User's Journey:
Storymapping Products That People Love

Donna Lichaw

(+U) Design Is Storytelling
Lupton, Ellen

(+U) The Design of Future Things
Norman, Don

(+U) Hooked: How to Build Habit-Forming Products
Eyal, Nir

(+U) Why We Love (or Hate) Everyday Things
Norman, Don

(+U) Invention by Design;
How Engineers Get from Thought to Thing

Petroski, Henry

(*U) Success through Failure:
The Paradox of Design

Petroski, Henry

(+U) To Engineer Is Human:
The Role of Failure in Successful Design

Petroski, Henry

(*U) To Forgive Design: Understanding Failure
Petroski, Henry

(*U) Mechanisms and Mechanical Devices Sourcebook,
Sclater, Neil

Audrino Books

(*) Beginning Arduino
Michael McRoberts

(*) Practical Arduino Engineering

Harold Timmis

(*) Arduino Robotics
John-David WarrenJosh AdamsHarald Molle

(*) Beginning Robotics with Raspberry Pi and Arduino
Using Python and OpenCV

Jeff Cicolani

(*) Beginning C for Arduino
Learn C Programming for the Arduino

Jack Purdum


Mechanical / Eletrical Engineering Books

(*) Machinery's Handbook

Chapter 25 - Drafting Practices
Chapter 26 - Allowances and Tolerances for Fits

(*) Hydraulics and Pneumatics - A Technician’s and Engineer’s Guide

(*) Mechanical Design - Peter R N Childs

(*) Mechanical design engineering handbook - Peter R N Childs

(*) Mechanical Design - Antonino Risitano

(*) Blake's Design of Mechanical Joints - Harold Josephs, Ronald L. Huston